Unearthed and Public Eye, an NGO that investigates human rights abuses by Swiss companies, filed multiple freedom of information requests to regulators across the EU for the paperwork companies must produce if they want to export banned chemicals. Our website uses cookies. that different parts of the world had different climates which needed different pesticides, and every nation had the sovereign right to decide which chemicals its farmers could use. The “loopholes” that allowed this cross-border trade were “a political concession to industry, allowing their chemical manufacturers to profit from inevitably poisoned workers and communities abroad, all the while importing cheaper products through global supply chains and fuelling unsustainable consumption and production patterns”. In these cases we took a sample of FOIs, and supplemented this with research in other datasets to ensure they were non-agricultural exports. A spokesperson for the Belgian authorities said France’s decision to ban exports was being “closely followed by our services”. An EU official told Unearthed that European rules on banned pesticide exports were already “stricter than required” by the Rotterdam Convention. Spain said the actual volume of active ingredients it exported in 2018 was 4,025 tonnes, but this is solely the weight of banned chemicals, and cannot be directly compared to the 5,182 tonnes of formulated pesticides it notified for export. The column headed ‘PAN HHP’ identifies whether the pesticide banned is on the PAN HHP list, denoted by X. LIST OF PESTICIDES WHICH ARE BANNED, REFUSED REGISTRATION AND RESTRICTED IN USE: (As on 30.06.2020) I. Among these was carbendazim, a fungicide. Highlights: 74 pesticides - that have been banned for use in the EU because of health and environmental concerns - were found as residues Trade loopholes allow chemicals to be sent to developing countries as well as US, Japan and Australia . However, many banned products exported from the EU as “pesticides” are not intended for crop protection: they may be used in domestic pest control, to disinfect livestock sheds or medical equipment, or to coat the hulls of ships. Brazil was the intended destination for 9,000 tonnes of paraquat mixtures from the UK in 2018, despite a 2017 decision by Brazil’s National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA) to phase out its use because of the seriousness of occupational and accidental poisoning cases, and scientific evidence of its potential to trigger Parkinson’s and cause gene mutations. 3. The UK government has granted farmers permission to use a ‘bee-killing’ pesticide banned in the EU. It is so toxic that a sip can kill, making it a common cause of fatal suicide attempts in poorer countries, and has been found by scientists to increase risk of Parkinson’s disease. LIST OF REGISTERED AGRICULTURAL PESTICIDES ( as of September 2020 ) LIST OF HANDLERS LIST OF REGISTERED PLANT-INCORPORATED PROTECTANTS DERIVED FROM MODERN BIOTECHNOLOGY ( as of January 31, 2020 ) List of Banned Pesticides in the Philippines: NAME OF CHEMICALS: DETAILS OF RESTRICTION (e.g reason for control action, remaining allowed uses) 1-Naphthylthiourea (ANTU) Banned … The list of pesticides, according to the draft order, proposed to be banned include insecticides, fungicides and weedicides: 2,4-D, acephate, … Crispin Dowler @CrispinDowler . PAN International List of Highly Hazardous Pesticides – 03/2019 5 could include risk reduction, including the progressive ban on highly hazardous pesticides, promoting good agricultural practices, ensuring environmentally sound disposal of stock-piles of obsolete pesticides and capacity-building in … However, a spokesperson for the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management said the Netherlands planned to use an upcoming meeting with other European environment ministers to “explore a European export ban for these substances”. of causing cancer and damaging fertility. Weedkiller is sprayed on a soybean field in the Cerrado plains near Campo Verde, Mato Grosso state. A positive list of permitted active substances - the key ingredients of pesticides - is to be drawn up at EU level, with the European Food Safety Authority playing a major role. Campaigners in a number of the tropical countries where Syngenta sells paraquat told Unearthed that it was practically impossible for workers in their countries to follow the label instructions on hazardous pesticides. The only other company that notified a banned pesticide export from the UK in 2018 was. In Australia, the chemical was at the centre of a high-profile legal battle a decade ago, over claims that spray-drift from macadamia nut plantations had caused a fish hatchery to produce fish with deformities like two heads or no eyes. Even this year, with the ban due to take effect this month, Syngenta planned a further 3,310 tonnes of Brazil paraquat shipments. “I believe the climate in Western Ukraine is similar to Poland, which is an EU country, or Slovakia, or Hungary,” he said. Loopholes in European law mean chemical companies like Bayer and Syngenta can continue making pesticides for export long after they have been banned from use in the EU to protect the environment or the health of its citizens. Brazil is one of the top destinations for the EU’s banned pesticide exports. The highly toxic fungicide carbendazim, a mutagen substance also toxic to reproduction, is the one which was detected the most (1596 samples), this is more samples than some of the authorised fungicides! Chlordimeform 10. Bayer’s spokesperson said France’s upcoming ban on the export of banned pesticides would have “no effect on the authorisation or use of the products in question in the countries in which they are authorised” and that France was “the only country in the world which plans for this kind of export restrictions”. EFSA is to assess a number of emergency authorisations granted by Member States for the use of neonicotinoids in sugar beet in 2020. that it was practically impossible for workers in their countries to follow the label instructions on hazardous pesticides. Pesticides and Biodiversity Loss: Agronomic Solutions and Political Actions (15th May 2019), Pesticide Free Towns: European policies, local strategies and future perspectives ( 27th September 2018), Conference: Inspiring Citizen-Driven Actions for Nature-Based Cities (8th June 2018), Workshop on Pesticide Free Towns (16 October 2017), Directive on Sustainable Use of Pesticides, Legislation on Chemical Pollution of Surface Waters, Citizens for Science in Pesticide Regulation- A European Coalition, EU official food pesticide residue monitoring data, Report_Banned pesticides in EU food_Final.pdf, Technical_Residues of Hazardous Pesticides in EU food_Final.pdf, PAN Europe’s briefing on REFIT of PPP and MRL Regulations (EC No 1107/2009 and 396/2005), PAN Europe's reaction to European Commission publication of Harmonised Risk Indicators (HRI) for pesticides, Banned and Hazardous Pesticides in European Food. Where a pesticide is banned in a country it is identified by 1 in the country column. Aldrin 2. One of the few restrictions placed on these exporters is the. 682 (E) dated 17 July 2001) 2. be found in column C in red, and the total number of pesticides banned by each country can be found in red in row 3. Below is a list of pesticides that have been evaluated by the Joint FAO/WHO Meeting on Pesticide Residues (JMPR) and the Joint FAO/WHO Meeting on Pesticide Specifications (JMPS). 2. The United Kingdom is by far Europe’s biggest exporter of toxic banned pesticides to poorer countries, an. EU farmers will have to manage without or depend much less on 44 pesticides banned in 2019 or 2020, or in the process, and likely to be banned. “What is happening at the moment is a major battle within the UK government between those that want Brexit to be used as an opportunity to weaken regulations, and others who think that it is in the UK’s best interests to maintain high [domestic] standards.”. Of those, 193 contained active ingredients banned in the EU, Unearthed found using data from Brazil’s agriculture ministry. Copper Acetoarsenite 6. Sole responsibility for this publication lies with the authors and the funders are not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained herein. “The European Union as a whole needs to demonstrate leadership to other countries around the world on this issue,” he said. The United Kingdom is by far Europe’s biggest exporter of toxic banned pesticides to poorer countries, an Unearthed and Public Eye investigation has revealed. In response to Unearthed and Public Eye’s investigation, Baskut Tuncak, the then-UN special rapporteur on toxics who drafted this summer’s statement, said he was “honestly shocked and appalled” to learn of the amount of paraquat being exported from the UK. Pesticides Banned for manufacture, import and use . Pesticides Banned for manufacture, import and use (27 Nos.) The Consolidated List of Banned Pesticides (CL) has been developed to identify which pesticides have been banned by particular countries because there appears to be no other source for such information. Brazil is one of the top destinations for the EU’s banned pesticide exports. Among these was carbendazim, a fungicide classified by the EU as ‘mutagenic’ – capable of causing gene mutations – and ‘reprotoxic’ – capable of damaging fertility, sexual function or the unborn child. Where a pesticide is banned in a country it is identified by 1 in the country column. EU proposes pesticide ban, but key documents still secret. Among the banned agrochemicals shipped by the tonne from EU ports were substances found by the EU’s own authorities to pose potential health hazards like reproductive failure, endocrine disruption or cancer, and environmental hazards like groundwater contamination or poisoning of fish, birds, mammals or bees. LIST OF PESTICIDES WHICH ARE BANNED, REFUSED REGISTRATION AND RESTRICTED IN USE: (As on 31.10.2019) I. If implemented, the ban would not only hurt farmers, but also exports. In Australia, the chemical was at the centre of a high-profile legal battle a decade ago, over claims that spray-drift from macadamia nut plantations had caused a fish hatchery to, produce fish with deformities like two heads or no eyes, EU states issued export notifications for 533 tonnes of carbendazim products in 2018, although German authorities told. List of Banned/Restricted Pesticides Database Pesticides Usage Status Action Taken (Year) Decision 1. Apparently the earnings of shareholders are more important than people’s health and the environment in the vast tracts of land that are exploited to produce raw materials for the EU market. Photo: Yasuyoshi Chiba / AFP / Getty, Year long investigation reveals full scale of Europe’s ‘abhorrent’ trade in pesticides banned from its own farms - and the UK’s leading role. Methomyl 5. Prohibited and Non-Authorised Pesticides Background. , ANVISA is due to meet next week to consider whether to delay the ban and give agribusiness more time to complete studies. Sign up to receive daily news emails and occasional breaking news emails from our reporters. The company notified an export of up to 4,000 tonnes of 1,3-D to Japan. “And that is the main flaw in this argument.”. What is a Pesticide? Pesticide corporations and trade partners have put immense pressure on the EU to allow residues of certain hazardous pesticides - banned in Europe - to be present in food and feed imports. Fernando Bejarano, from the Pesticide Action Network Mexico (or, ) said the real consequence of differing climates was that it was too hot in places like Mexico to wear the personal protective equipment available to farmworkers in Europe. The companies and states that shipped these products told. ethylene oxide and didecyldimethylammonium chloride). The United Kingdom is by far Europe’s biggest exporter of toxic banned pesticides to poorer countries, an Unearthed and Public Eye investigation has revealed. These notifications are not a perfect record – quantities actually exported may end up being greater or less than estimated, and some notified exports do not take place in a given year – but they are the most precise paper trail available for the EU’s trade in banned agrochemicals. The firm involved only has an office in the Netherlands for administrative purposes”. Due to the absence of internal EU border control on goods - and due to import from non-EU-countries - fruit, vegetables, rice and spices containing chlorpyrifos is sold and consumed all over Europe (Photo: Marcos Garcia Rey) By Staffan Dahllöf. A positive list of permitted active substances - the key ingredients of pesticides - is to be drawn up at EU level, with the European Food Safety Authority playing a major role. PESTICIDES / FORMULATIONS BANNED IN INDIA A. EU countries including the UK notified exports of 81,615 tonnes of banned pesticide products in 2018, with more than half (42,636 tonnes) intended for low- and middle-income countries (LMICs); These exports were destined for 85 different countries, of which more than three quarters were LMICs: Brazil, Ukraine, Morocco, Mexico and South Africa were all among the top 10 importers of EU banned pesticide exports; Two thirds of the notified exports to richer nations were destined for one place: the US, which has some of the most permissive pesticide regulations among high-income countries and, is itself a major exporter of banned agrochemicals to LMICs. Ethyl Parathion 10. EU legislation (particularly Council Directive 79/117/EEC) previously prohibited (sometimes known as "banned") the placing on the market and use of plant protection products containing certain active substances which, even if applied in an authorised manner, could give rise to harmful effects on human health or the environment. Further, "as a first step the EU should halt the production and sales of banned pesticides and adopt a zero-tolerance approach for such residues in food. from farmers who allege paraquat gave them Parkinson’s disease. Once we obtained the notifications we examined them in detail to identify and remove those that were not intended for crop protection. The countries that are the EU’s most important sources of agricultural produce – the United States, Brazil, and Ukraine – were all among the top five destinations for the EU’s banned pesticide exports. You can find a full list of the chemicals banned in the EU here. Unearthed today: What are supermarkets doing to stop deforestation? The majority declined to comment precisely on numbers, however a few did provide precise figures for 2018 exports: some of these were greater or less than planned. The bulk of the rest of the notified exports were destined for LMICs like Mexico, India, Colombia, South Africa, and particularly Brazil, where paraquat is used to dry soybean crops and speed up harvest, as well as to kill weeds. More than a quarter of the total volume of pesticides used in US agriculture are banned in the European Union, and 3 percent and 2 percent are banned in China and Brazil respectively, according to a study published Thursday in the journal Environmental Health. Syngenta denies that existing science shows a causal link between paraquat and Parkinson’s disease. CIbromochloropropane 7. Of those, 193 contained active ingredients banned in the EU, Unearthed found using data from Brazil’s agriculture ministry. Share this story. Further documents obtained by Unearthed and Public Eye show that in 2019 the company notified exports of 8,770 tonnes to Brazil, almost identical to the previous year. 09.09.2020. Dicofol 4. The only other company that notified a banned pesticide export from the UK in 2018 was Inovyn, a Merseyside-based subsidiary of the chemicals giant Ineos. The rest of the carbendazim exports were notified from Belgium and France by multinational Arysta LifeScience, now part of UPL, and destined for countries including Bangladesh, Chile, Ecuador, the Philippines, the Dominican Republic, and even Iraq. and Public Eye spent about nine months filing freedom of information requests for the export notifications used in this investigation. Brazil was the intended destination for 9,000 tonnes of paraquat mixtures from the UK in 2018, despite a. by Brazil’s National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA) to phase out its use because of the seriousness of occupational and accidental poisoning cases, and scientific evidence of its potential to trigger Parkinson’s and cause gene mutations. Further documents obtained by. Under Farm to Fork, the EU has committed to set a trade policy that supports an European ecological transition and at the same time promotes a global transition to sustainable agri-food systems. 03-12-2020 (updated: 15-12-2020 ) In its conclusion, the EU Ombudsman indicated that the EU Commission should not approve a pesticide if EFSA does not conclude that it is safe to use. Aldrin 3. EU chemicals and pesticides legislation aims to protect human health and the environment and to prevent barriers to trade. Poorer countries like South Africa, Ukraine, and Brazil – where experts warn hazardous pesticide use poses the greatest risks – were the intended destination for the bulk of shipments. This produced the. EU ban. Other pesticides, highly toxic to bees or aquatic life such as chlorfenapyr, fenbutatin-oxide, and fenpropathrin were also detected. We promise that we’ll never sell or swap your details and you can opt out at any time – check our privacy policy. “If a pesticide is banned for causing cancer in the EU it will cause the same problems in Brazilian people,” said Alan Tygel, spokesperson for the Permanent Campaign Against Pesticides and for Life, a Brazilian umbrella group of social movements and NGOs. National and EU regulators check these documents and issue them to authorities in the destination countries. The official said a “ban of exports from the EU will not automatically lead third countries to stop using such pesticides – they may import from elsewhere”. 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